What is CBD?

Lately, we often hear people talking about CBD and products containing CBD. The quantity of products available, their variations and the positive feedback from consumers indicate that we are currently experiencing a renaissance of the cannabis plant, and again this plant, which has been with us for thousands of years, is observed for its medicinal properties. We all have a well-known seed cannabis (Cannabis sativa L.) that produces a wide variety of products such as butter, oil, fiber and now CBD extract. To be fair, CBD is also found in the marijuana cannabis (Cannabis indica). In this herb the concentration of the cannabinoid THC, which produces a psychoactive and relaxing effect, is much greater. That is why CBD extract is most often derived from cannabis with minimal THC content and higher CBD content than marijuana.

Cannabis has long been known to mankind. The first historical evidence of cannabis usage dates back around 10 000 years ago and is believed to have originally been coming from Asia. Throughout these years, herbal cannabis has been used for both industrial and medical purposes. Hemp is most often used for the production of fiber, but the range of products produced today is very wide. Also in Latvia hemp is an ancient crop and was actively cultivated until the mid-20th century, when later permits were needed to continue to grow the crop. Significant restrictions on cannabis cultivation emerged when the US, other North American and European countries imposed a ban and criminalization of marijuana cultivation. Growing hemp was also hit by this ban. But now, slowly, these bans have been lifted and cannabis cultivation is starting to gain momentum, as demand for cannabis-based products is high. Even in many countries, the use of marijuana for medical purposes is permitted, in others for recreational purposes.

CBD is known as cannabidiol, one of the more than a hundred cannabinoids found in cannabis. It was first discovered in 1940 in the US. Although CBD was discovered 20 years earlier than THC, to date, research on THC has received more attention than CBD. Increasingly, CBD research is beginning to shed light on its potential for improving physical and mental health. The main feature that distinguishes CBD from THC is that it is not psychoactive and does not cause intoxication. CBD is naturally present in our bodies as part of the endocannabinoid system, which is spread throughout the body and affects processes such as the digestive system, brain function, nervous system, muscle function, immune system, etc. By responding to receptors in the endocannabinoid system, CBD can positively influence the body's functioning and improve our health. Most often, CBD is ingested with special foods, by inhaling CBD-containing fumes (using electronic cigarettes) or applying to the skin in the form of creams. Each of these types of admission has its pros and cons. Before using the products, it is advisable to inquire what effect you want to achieve with CBD and which of the three usage modes would be more suitable for you. The Hempnord team will be happy to answer these questions for you. Just let us know about your questions in our contact section.

Based on the amount of information found, it would seem that almost everything is known about CBD and its effects, but that is not true. CBD research is currently in its active phase and, after many positive examples and experience stories, interest in it is only increasing. On the positive side no overdose or any significant side effects have been reported to date among CBD users. In the near future, we expect legal issues to be resolved and CBD products to be included in the food and medical products segment, enhancing their quality, product range and accessibility to consumers. People have always been looking for new, innovative, natural ways to improve their health, and now CBD has opened up a new world where we can feel better and more fully enjoy our lives. We are confident that together we will experience the full potential of cannabis, as it has proven its worth. We just have to use its potential.

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